Chandrayaan-4: ISRO to bring back soil samples from the Moon

Riding  on the success of Chandrayaan-3, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is focusing on their next project, Chandrayaan-4.

This mission aims to bring back soil samples from the Moon.

This will mark India as a frontrunner in space exploration

Reportedly, in this mission, the landing will be similar like Chandrayan-3 but the central module will come back after docking with the orbiting module which will later separate near to Earth atmosphere and re-entry module will come back with the sample of the soil and rock of the Moon.

It is being considered as a very ambitious mission; and further as per Nilesh Desai, Director of the Space Applications Centre (SAC/ISRO), it will take next five to seven years to meet this challenge of bringing sample from the surface of the moon. 

Noteworthy, this mission is expected to be more complex than its predecessor.

Where Chandrayaan-3 had a rover of 30 kg, Chandrayaan-4 plans to land a massive 350 kg rover.

The challenge increases as the mission aims to perform a precise landing on the Moon’s rim, an area yet to be explored.

The rover will have an exploration area of 1 km x 1 km, significantly larger than Chandrayaan-3’s 500 meters x 500 meter.

Worth mentioning that Chandrayaan-4’s success will entirely depend on its ability to return lunar soil samples to Earth.

This process involves the lander module docking with the orbiting module in space, followed by the return of the central module with the samples.

Further, this operation will include two launch vehicles, indicating the mission’s scale and complexity.